What do we see in common in Days 1, 2, and 3 and then days 4,
5 and 6?
Looking at Day 1 in Verse 3, we see He made light and darkness
which he called day and night on day 1.
This is the format for the days:
1) his creative word, Then God
said, "let there be light"
2) the report of it's effect, "and
there was light"
3) the evaluation, "it was good" which for some
reason does not happen on day 2 or 5.
4) the occasional naming, "God called the light day, and the darkness he called night"
numbering of the day, Evening and morning,
the first day.
Then on Day 2, He made the heavens, which here refers to the
skies, which the word Shamayim often refers to, and here Birds
are going to be it's inhabitants. And the
Then on Day 3 he makes dry land appear and
then there is a second section on day three where vegetation appears.
Then on Day 4, we have lights in the heavens to divide day and
night, for signs, seasons, for days and years. To give light
on the earth.Then God made two great lights, the sun and the
moon. The greater light or the sun to rule the day, and the lesser
light, or the moon to rule the night.
Then on Day 5, let the waters abound with living creatures, and
the heavens or skies be filled with birds.
God says be fruitful and multiply. Fill
the waters, and let the birds multiply over the earth.
Day 6 in verse 24, "Let the land bring forth animals. Then day
6 has a second section. God said, let us make man, in our image,
and he will rule over the rest.
We are going to talk about verses 26-31 next week, the creation
That man is here to rule is sufficient for our study tonight.
So what do we see in Days 1-3?
Realms, unmovables, kingdoms, habitations.
And in Days 4-6
The inhabitors, or the rulers, that which occupies days 1-3.
Day 4 uses the term rule, or govern 3 times. Day 4 governs day
Chronological vs. Logical
I don't believe it is a Chronological
sequence, but rather a logical sequence.
I don't think it is explaining the chronological
order in which everything appeared,
but rather putting it in a logical framework.
That is why it does not matter that lights in the firmament,
to divide day and night are only created on Day 4. Well, how
could you calculate days 1 to 3. If we could not count days until
day 4. That is not important, its not the point. It's not being
It's like Matthew and Luke. Luke is chronological while Matthew
is more by subject. Matthew groups many of the teachings in the
sermon on the mount chapters 5-7, then the miracles, one after
another in chapters 8 and 9. Parables, one after another in Chapter
13. Jesus didn't teach, teach, teach, miracle, miracle, miracle,
parable, parable, parable. It is a framework, he is not organizing
The Bible is literature, and uses literary devices. Think about
all kinds of books, poetry, movies, they tell their stories in
all kinds of ways, not just in order of how the events occurred.
And why do they do in other ways, because they think it communicates
more effectively. I think that is what Genesis 1 is doing here.
The whole 7 days - man's work week, 6 days and then the Sabbath,
it is how Man is supposed to work.
Giant anthropomorphism. Putting God's work in Man's terms so
we can understand it. It is all over the
1) God saying things,
2) God thinking that it is good. God seeing
things and evaluating them.
3) God calling
It is the way Man acts.
4) So it is irrelevant and un-real - no. Very real and true.
When Jesus says he is a door. He is literally
a door. Not a piece of wood opening a room,
but a true and literal pathway or door to something else. You must
go through him. He said he is both the
shepherd and the gate.
5) Days - not long periods of time, but real literal days. It
is just that it is all a giant anthropomorphism,
putting all of creation into a way man can
understand it. It's real days, but days
of God's creative activity, heavenly days.
That is why Gen 2, can be different in the way it sees creation
and portrays it. It doesn't use the days, and the order is a
little different because it is trying to communicate something
else about creation. It is using a different framework.
For me, the first 2 verses of Genesis 1 really seal
We don't have time to go into the gap theory,
the fall of Satan, etc. And, besides,
I just don't think that is what is being communicated
In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth, or as
many translators say, In the beginning of God's creating of the
heaven and the earth, the earth was formless and void and there
was a darkness over the deep.
I don't think it is trying to communicate chaos. If you understand
Genesis as a set up for God's covenant with Israel. Describing
God's preparations of the conditions.
Here is his preparation of the Land.
Originally, it was without form, and void,
or nothing in it. Many would say, the
idea, is that it is uninhabited, no one
is there, and it is uninhabitable, the land
is itself without form. You see the same
use of the word Tohu in Is 45:18
18 For thus says the LORD, who created the heavens (He is the
God who formed the earth and made it, He established it and did
not create it a waste place, [But] formed it to be inhabited),
"I am the LORD, and there is none else.
The word waste place there is the same word.
God did create it to be a waste place of formless but rather to be
Jeremiah 4, these same words are used, and
analogous to a wilderness with nothing there.
(JER. 4:23-26 - Uses same words Toho ve Bofu. Formless and void.
But talking how there are no more inhabitants.)
Then I think in our following verses, God then provides habitations
in verses 1 to 3, and then inhabitors in verses 4 -6, so now
the earth is no longer formless and void. God has prepared the
And how was it prepared? There at the end
of verse 2. The Spirit of God was hovering
over the deep.
Why the Spirit - breath, wind, life? Spirit
gives life. Spirit of God creates. Breathes into creation.
In Ezekiel 37, God
says to Ezekiel, breathe on these bones,
and they come to life.
John said Y'shua breathed on the disciples,
receive my spirit.
God speaking out of it an obvious picture for Israelites. Here
is the manifestation of God hovering over the waters. You can
imagine the Israelite audience. They are seeing God hovering
over the tabernacle, a cloud by day or a fire by night. Or seeing
God on top of the mountain, God's voice coming forth. God bringing
forth the Law.
So now the Spirit of God hovering over the waters, this darkness,
formless and void, and out of that cloud, comes the voice of
God, Then God said.
And his creation is filled with life, the
earth becomes formed, and it is filled. God has prepared his land,
and given its inhabitants.
You can see again the later illusion to God's
words to the Israelites. Here is the good land I have prepared for
with milk and honey. God has Israel to now
inhabit that Land.
God who redeemed is God who created you.
-speaking out of a cloud, who redeemed
you out of Egypt by a mighty hand and outstretched
arm, who gave you the law, It is he who created
On day 3, it says gathered the waters and the dry land appeared,
sounds just like the parting of the Red Sea, when God sent a
Wind or Ruach, same word as Spirit, across the waters, and dry
land appeared upon which the Israelites crossed.
Deuteronomy 32 uses identical words to describe the creation
of the world and the redemption of Israel bouncing back and forth.
The God who redeemed us has created us.
10 "He found him in a desert land, And in the howling waste of
a wilderness; He encircled him, He cared for him, He guarded
him as the pupil of His eye. 11 "Like an eagle that stirs up
its nest, That hovers over its young, He spread His wings and
caught them, He carried them on His pinions.
Same wording as the first 2 verses of Genesis. He found you in
a waste, the earth formless and void, like and eagle hovering
over is the same word for the way the spirit was over the waters.
God who redeemed you is the God who created you.
You can completely disagree with me as to what is happening in
Genesis 1. You may be right, and I may be wrong, but I think
there are some things we can agree upon.
But so what? It should never be mere intellectual
education that God made everything. There
are some things you need to always
understand about God from Genesis 1.
Firstly, This means everything is God's.
He owns it, he is sovereign over it.
You see a beautiful illusion to this passage in
John 1:1-4. - and you see also the main point
- that is what we are to understand.
beginning was the Word, and the Word
was with God, and the Word was God. 2
He was in the beginning with God. 3 All things
came into being by Him, and apart from
Him nothing came into being that has
come into being. 4 In Him was life, and the
life was the light of men. 5 And the light
shines in the darkness, and the darkness
did not comprehend it.
All things came into being through him, out of nothing. He
is the source of Life,
The life is the light of men, and it
shines in the darkness.
He is the all
sovereign Creator, Redeemer
God made us and we are his. And He can do whatever he wants
with all that he is made. As the Lord said in Jeremiah
Jer 18:6 "Can I not, O house of Israel, deal with you as this
potter [does]?" declares the LORD. "Behold, like the clay in
the potter's hand, so are you in My hand, O house of Israel.
The potter can do what he wants with the clay.
Also think what this meant to a people
coming out of a polytheistic culture, with little gods
for everything. One god over the seas, one
for the sun, one for the river, the frog
gbod, the harvest, rains etc. Gen 1 teaches
clearly, one God, only one God, and He made
everything. It is only Him to whom we give
honor, praise and glory. Worship of any
other is false.
Secondly, what do we learn, from the
use of anthropomorphisms? God
saw, he spoke, he made, he did in a week, the same way you and
I work? God wants us to understand him. The God who is so
far beyond our comprehension in his being,
power and understanding, wants his creation to know him, to understand
him, to relate
to him. God wants us to know it is he who
made us, he has provided for us, who has made a dwelling for us.